Barisal is a district in southern Bangladesh. It is also the headquarters of Barisal Division.
Barisal is located in south-central Bangladesh, formerly a district called Bakerganj, it is now a division. The town lies in the Ganges (Padma) River delta on an offshoot of the Arial Khan River (Kirtonkhola). Barisal town was under the control of the Roychoudhury family, which now has moved to Calcutta. Incorporated as a municipality in 1876 and upgraded to city corporation in 2002.It is linked by steamer with Dhaka (73 miles [117 km] north) and with Chittagong to the southeast.
Due to its location and easy access to both riverine and marine navigation channels, it has become a transshipment centre for rice, hides, and pulses. Bakery, textile, pharmaceutical products are output of a few industrial installation.
The max. annual average temperature is 35.1°C, minimum 12.1°C; annual rainfall is 1955 mm.
Population: (1974) 98,127; (1981) 172,905; (1991 prelim.) 180,014.
Barisal's economic is mostly based on farming and fishing.
Notable educational institutions in Barisal include Sher-E-Bangla Medical College.
Barisal was a semi-independent area in Mughal period. In course of time, it fell under Bengal Nawabs and British India. After British rule it was part of East Pakistan and later
Bangladesh. It was formerly known as Chandradip.
It is the largest lake in the southern region of Bangladesh. It has an area about 2500 hectors. The lake is about 11 kilometers away from the Barisal city. In 1780, the mother of Raja
Joy Narayan, Rani Durgabati dug this lake. There is a hillock in the middle of the lake which looks like a small island.
Barisal had remained a municipality until 2002 when it was upgraded into a city corporation consisting of 30 wards.
Barisal is served by the Barisal Airport which is located just outside of the city. It has frequent flight services to Dhaka via Biman Bangladesh Airlines and GMG Airlines.
Barisal District is divided into the following Upazilas (formerly called Thanas):
- Agailjhara Upazila
- Babuganj Upazila
- Bakerganj Upazila
- Banaripara Upazila
- Gaurnadi Upazila
- Hizla Upazila
- Barisal Sadar Upazila
- Mehendiganj Upazila
- Muladi Upazila
- Wazirpur Upazila
Notable personalities of Barisal District
- Aroj Ali Matubbar Philosopher.
- A. K. Fazlul Huq politician.
- Brojomohun Dutta
- Aswini Kumar Dutta Founder of BM College
- Jibanananda Das bangla poet.
- Sufia Kamal Poet of Bangladesh
- Kamini Roy Poet of Bangladesh
- Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah Founder Editor of The Daily Ittefuq
- Shamsuddin Abul Kalam Bangladeshi novelist.
- Abdur Rahman Biswas A president and politician
- Altaf Mahmud A famous music director & Lyrician, who composed Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano.
- Abdul Gaffar Choudhury A Journalist, who wrote Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano to mark the Bengali Language Movement.
- Mubin Kabiraj
Just 30 km out of Barisal City is the place called Durga Sagar which is a large pond. Serving as a place for holiday trips for the city's residents, it is also attracts visitors from other places. This is one of the main places of residence for the migrant birds that comes in winter.
Near Durga Sagar are the ancient ruins of the palace of a local landlord of the British colonial era (called zamindar in Bangla). Anyone can have a view of the palaces of this time by the sight of it. It is only a 15 minutes ride on a non-pollutant three wheeler called Van from Durga Sagar.
The Bell's Park is a place inside Barisal City, right on the banks of River [Kirtonkhola].
Nor far from Barisal city, there is a beach called Kuakata. There is a motel in Kuakata and a place with colorful tribals.
Near Barisal city, over river Kirtonkhola a Bridge is under construction from October 2006 named Dapdapia Bridge.